Eric Heinze examines the boundary between civil disobedience and desecration. Laws prohibiting the defilement of burial sites are ancient, widespread, and often stiff.
French penalties can run as high as 15, euros and up to a year in prison. Some might say Francis follows an old tradition of breaking the law to make a political point, known as civil disobedience. Civil disobedience has simmered throughout history, from Antigone to Polyeuctus, from Savanarola to the Suffragettes. But Francis, криптовалюта биткоин new thread Ghandi and King opted for the dignified practices of fully-fledged citizens — protests, marches, sit-ins — because they were fighting for the dignified status of fully-fledged citizens.
Yet Francis besmirches the memory of a regime that itself besmirched all notions of dignified citizenship. He gets off lightly.
Still, there are other differences between Francis and his more illustrious predecessors.
Civil disobedience commands respect insofar as its practitioners break the law in public view and willingly accept such consequences as fines and prison cells. So, are we really willing to accept Saturday night pee-pee as political dissent? Does it not reflect the very degradation of public discourse that we are constantly decrying? Yet nothing in the canons of civil disobedience demands perfect sobriety.
Anyone who attends political protests, however earnest the cause, knows that a carnivalesque mood frequently triumphs. Mountains of beer tins and rubbish often follow in their wake. Must криптовалюта биткоин new thread distinguish between the calculated profanation стратегия оскара грайнда на бинарных опционах a tombstone and the криптовалюта биткоин new thread litter following a public event?
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That distinction seems arbitrary. The clutter of a street march may be incidental but is hardly unforeseeable. Only the prissiest among us would condemn public rallies on grounds of tidiness. Even acts of all-out sabotage can win our hearts when the harm is trivial and the cause seems just.
One would have a hard heart indeed to lack some affection for Swampy. What if some male Incel were to tarnish the grave криптовалюта биткоин new thread Emmeline Pankhurst? Yet that slippery slope threatens all civil disobedience, even the noblest forms: if we accept peaceful marches favouring open borders or abortion rights, then we must accept demonstrations against those views.
Unlike citizens of a colony or dictatorship, Francis, the citizen of a democracy, is always free to openly challenge laws by legal means.
If he gets caught breaking them, he must face the consequences and would perhaps do so perfectly willingly. Yet that worry, too, would end up barring all protest. криптовалюта биткоин new thread
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We can readily accept temporary clutter or disruption without having to accept more serious or permanent damage. When citizens commit minor breaches of law to vindicate powerful moral values, they force us to take positions on uneasy truths about the past and about uncertain challenges lying ahead.
Published on: June 13, with 28 Comments Share this article.